Contraceptive Technology Update
Diaphragm: Update on This Barrier Contraceptive
Diaphragm: Update on this barrier contraceptive Executive Summary The female diaphragm offers hormone-free contraception that is female-initiated and female-controlled. Currently available diaphragms require a pelvic examination and fitting to ensure proper size and placement of the device. * Two ... (Publication: Contraceptive Technology Update)
CNE/CME Objectives & Questions
CNE/CME Objectives After reading Contraceptive Technology Update, the participant will be able to: * identify clinical, legal, or scientific issues related to development and provisions of contraceptive technology or other reproductive services; * describe how those issues affect services and ... (Publication: Contraceptive Technology Update)
Perspectives in Sexual and Reproductive Health
The Association Between Belief in God and Fertility Desires in Slovenia and the Czech Republic
Research on the association between religiosity and fertility—and, particularly, on the effects of secularization on fertility desires and outcomes—has been concerned primarily with mechanisms that are fundamentally institutional and are embedded in formal religious structures. Supplementary explanations focused on noninstitutional dimensions of religiosity have never been tested.
Conventional ordinary least‐squares regression was used to test the association between belief in God (i.e., a personal God or some sort of life force) and fertility desires among 2,251 women aged 18–45 in Slovenia and 951 women aged 15–44 in the Czech Republic who participated in the European Family and Fertility Survey in the mid‐1990s.
In both samples, substantial proportions of women either were nonbelievers or believed in God but were not institutionally religious. Belief in God was independently associated with fertility desires even in analyses controlling for self‐reported religiosity. Women who believed in a personal God wanted approximately 0.2 more children, and those who believed in a life force wanted approximately 0.1 more children, than nonbelievers. Results were similar across several alternative measures of religiosity.
At least some of the connection between religiosity and fertility apparently is attributable to metaphysical beliefs. Future research on the effect of secularization on fertility decline should investigate the potentially distinct effects of different dimensions of religiosity.
Acceptability of Home‐Based Chlamydia And Gonorrhea Testing Among a National Sample Of Sexual Minority Young Adults
STDs are common among older adolescents and young adults; hence, STD screening is a public health priority. Home‐based STD testing could be a strategy to improve screening rates, particularly among at‐risk populations, including sexual minority (i.e., nonheterosexual) young adults.
Data were collected from a national sample of 971 sexual minority young adults aged 18–26 through an online survey in the fall of 2013. Logistic regression analyses identified associations between respondents’ characteristics and their willingness to use a home‐based test for chlamydia and gonorrhea.
A greater proportion of men than of women were willing to use a home‐based STD test (81% vs. 68%). Willingness was more likely among gay than among bisexual men, among men insured through their parents than among the uninsured and among those who had had two or more sexual partners in the past year than among those who had had fewer (adjusted odds ratios, 2.0–2.2). Among men, students were less likely than the employed to report willingness for home‐based testing (0.4). Among women, willingness was more likely among those who reported at least two partners in the past year than among those who reported fewer (1.6). Overall, respondents’ most common concerns about home‐based STD testing regarded test accuracy, their ability to do the test correctly and their preference to see a doctor for testing.
Home‐based STD testing may be a promising strategy for screening sexual minority young adults; understanding correlates of willingness and young adults’ concerns may help inform self‐testing programs.
Guttmacher Policy Report
Guttmacher Institute Monthly State Policy Update
This update provides information on legislation,
as well as relevant executive branch actions and judicial decisions in states across the country